The Unfolding Work and Witness of the Holy Spirit

On today’s episode, the Rev. Dr. Kyle Hughes, a scholar, pastor, teacher and author of How the Spirit Became God: The Mosaic of Early Christian Pneumatology, gives us a fresh look at the personhood of the Holy Spirit. He explores early patristic readings of the Holy Spirit in the Bible, how and why we confess His full divinity, and key ways the Spirit empowers us into Christ-likeness.

On the first half of the podcast, Kyle, Bishop Todd Hunter, and host Erik Willits discuss:

  • How the early church affirmed the activity and personhood of the Holy Spirit
  • The “problem” of the Holy Spirit
  • How the Spirit became part of our Orthodox theological thinking
  • How icons and language affected our perception of the Spirit
In the 4th or 5th century, people often engaged the Spirit through asceticism.

On the second half of the podcast, the conversation turns to:

  • Exegeting hard-to-interpret Scriptures about the Spirit
  • Developing a concrete imagination of the Spirit’s personhood
  • The most-influential writings of the early church fathers
  • How the Spirit empowers us to live in the world
Christianity is called “A religion of the Spirit.”


Resources Mentioned:

The Fathers of the Church by Justin Martyr

The Life of Saint Simeon Stylites by Frederick Lent

The Complete Works of St. John Chrysostom

St. Basil the Collection

Desiring the Kingdom by James K.A. Smith

You Are What You Love by James K.A. Smith


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